Resource Library of Subsidy Documents

Search here for subsidy-related publications from Earth Track and from the selected other organizations working in the area.

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Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 8/28/2018
For many years, policy discussions have focused on strategies to bring down greenhouse gas emissions using taxes, permits and other regulatory or statutory limits.  Yet fossil fuel markets across the world remain littered with government programs subsidizing these emissions.  The subsidies are… Read More
Written by: Doug Koplow, Earth Track, Inc.Posted on: 5/14/2018
In its proposed tariffs to remove potential distortions caused by subsidies in capacity markets, PJM includes a number of limitations and exclusions that appear to result in unequal evaluation of subsidies across different fuel cycles. This will likely impede PJM’s core objective of ensuring… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 11/30/2017
This review assesses the House and Senate tax reform proposals as they relate to the energy sector. Three main areas are examined: cross-cutting changes to tax rates or baselines and whether some of them will have disproportionate or distortionary impacts on particular fuels; specific energy tax… Read More
Written by: Peter Erickson, Adrian Down, Michael Lazarus and Doug KoplowPosted on: 10/18/2017
Countries in the G20 have committed to phase out ‘inefficient’ fossil fuel subsidies. However, there remains a limited understanding of how subsidy removal would affect fossil fuel investment returns and production, particularly for subsidies to producers. Here, we assess the impact of major… Read More
Written by: Doug Koplow (Earth Track, Inc.)Posted on: 10/18/2017
This chapter explores global subsidies to energy.  These subsidies cost hundreds of billions of dollars per year, often skewing market decisions in ways detrimental to environmental quality and social welfare. Subsidy reform could provide large fiscal and  environmental gains, although remains… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 8/10/2017
Presentation at the NPEC Public Policy Fellowship Retreat in March 2017.  The meeting was convened and hosted by the Nonproliferation Policy Education Center.  The slides evaluates many of the arguments people make to support increased subsidies to nuclear and finds them wanting.
Written by: Doug Koplow, Earth TrackPosted on: 7/20/2017
PJM Interconnection is the regional transmission operator (RTO) serving more than 60 million customers in 13 states and the District of Columbia, mostly in the mid-Atlantic region of the United States.  Incumbent base load generators have complained that subsidies to renewable resources have been… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 5/4/2017
Within the United States, the cost of energy subsidies to taxpayers is both substantial and often not properly documented.  Regular review to evaluate the fiscal costs of these policies; their impact on market structure, competiveness, and environmental quality; and their ability to achieve stated… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 3/23/2017
This presentation provides an overview of the long history of fossil fuel subsidies in the United States, key milestones in reporting transparency, and remaining data challenges in assessing and quantifying the many pathways that continue to subsidize fossil fuel extraction and consumption today.… Read More
Written by: Peter Erickson, Adrian Down, Michael Lazarus, and Doug Koplow
Posted on: 1/9/2017
The United States now produces as much crude oil as ever – over 3.4 billion barrels in 2015, just shy of the 3.5 billion record set in 1970. Indeed, the U.S. has become the world’s No. 1 oil and gas producer. The oil production boom has been aided by tax provisions and other subsidies that support… Read More
Written by: Mark Fulton, Doug Koplow, Reid Capalino, Andrew GrantPosted on: 8/1/2016
In January 2016 the US Secretary of the Interior announced a moratorium on new coal leasing on public lands pending completion of a comprehensive review. Nearly 90% of coal produced from public lands is from leases in the Powder River Basin (PRB) of Wyoming and Montana. In this paper, produced by… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 3/8/2016
Although nuclear power is a source of low carbon electricity, it is by no means a clear solution to the challenge we face in reducting greenhouse gas emissions.  This presentation discusses common metrics to assess the most cost-efficient source of ghg emissions and reviews multiple studies… Read More
Written by: Mark Fulton, Tim Buckley, Doug Koplow, Luke Sussams, and Andrew GrantPosted on: 9/25/2015
There has been much discussion of fossil fuel subsidies as both an inefficient use of public tax dollars and a barrier to the scaling up of low- and no-carbon energy sources. As "green" incentives are reduced, the phase-out of fossil fuel subsidies becomes even more urgent in order to reduce market… Read More
Written by: Doug Koplow, Earth Track, Inc.Posted on: 9/3/2015
Energy resources vary widely in terms of their capital intensity, reliance on centralized networks, environmental impacts, and energy security profiles. Although the policies of greatest import to a particular energy option may differ, their aggregate impact is significant. Subsidies to… Read More
Written by: Masami Kojima and Doug KoplowPosted on: 3/26/2015
Numbers ranging from half a trillion to two trillion dollars have been cited in recent years for global subsidies for fossil fuels. How are these figures calculated and why are they so different? The most commonly used methods for measuring subsidies are the price-gap approach-quantifying the gap… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 2/17/2015
Government subsidies to energy producers, transporters, and consumers are widespread throughout the world and represent a large public investment in the energy sector. In theory, this investment could be funding a variety of social goals such as providing the poor with access to basic energy… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 11/7/2014
Presentation at a meeting sponsored by the Energy Research Institute of China's National Development and Reform Commission and the World Bank in Beijing, China.  The presentation reviews existing estimates of global subsidies to energy, including their magnitude, differences in estimation methods… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 7/15/2014
The IEA is producing two detailed assessments on nuclear energy in the coming months.  The first, a chapter in their vaunted World Energy Outlook, will examine in detail the prospects and challenges to nuclear energy going forward.  The second, produced jointly with NEA, will update their… Read More
Written by: Doug Koplow and Kevin DietlyPosted on: 6/20/2014
A number of disincentives to recycling have been frequently, especially in analyses sponsored by EPA in the late 1970's, as impeding the expansion of materials recovery. The most commonly cited examples include the tax code, federal subsidies for natural resource development, trade policies and… Read More
Written by: Doug KoplowPosted on: 4/23/2014
Complex security, environmental, and economic trade-offs remain the norm for the energy sector.   Government intervention is also the norm, and too often involves a torrent of energy plans, white-papers, and legislation.  In an ideal world, government policies should work in tandem with market… Read More